<menu id="eausw"><tt id="eausw"></tt></menu>
<nav id="eausw"><strong id="eausw"></strong></nav>
  • 【探究】國內外標準法規對客車零部件的EMC要求

    • 2016-11-09 17:15
    • 來源:重慶車檢院

    摘要:對于客車整車與其電子電器零部件電磁兼容性能之間的關系,整車要符合EMC法規標準的前提條件是其各個電子電器零部件必須首先滿足相關EMC性能指標要求。

    (一)我國現行的汽車零部件EMC標準

    對于客車整車與其電子電器零部件電磁兼容性能之間的關系,整車要符合EMC法規標準的前提條件是其各個電子電器零部件必須首先滿足相關EMC性能指標要求。諸如汽車防抱制動系統、衛星定位導航系統、輪胎氣壓監測系統、倒車雷達、車載移動電視、行駛記錄儀、電渦流緩速器、發動機艙自動滅火裝置、超速提醒裝置等,再加上傳統的發動機點火系統、燃油噴射系統、起動電機、發電機、刮水電機、車窗電機、洗滌器電機、組合儀表、空調、電動門泵等電子電器部件,都可能會產生電磁干擾和被干擾的電磁兼容性(EMC)問題,從而導致客車在行駛過程中常常會出現一些“莫名其妙”的問題。

    我國現行的汽車零部件EMC標準主要包括:GB/T 18655《車輛、船和內燃機無線電騷擾特性用于保護車載接收機的限值和測量方法》、GB/T 17619《機動車電子電器組件的電磁輻射抗擾性限值和測量方法》、GB/T 21437.2《道路車輛由傳導和耦合引起的電騷擾第2部分:沿電源線的電瞬態傳導》、GB/T 21437.3《道路車輛由傳導和耦合引起的電騷擾第3部分:除電源線外的導線通過容性和感性耦合的電瞬態發射》和GB/T 19951《道路車輛靜電放電產生的電騷擾試驗方法》。目前,國家工信部的汽車“公告”管理中,明確要求閃光繼電器、刮水電機和暖風電機的EMC必須按GB/T 18655進行測試,ABS的EMC須同時滿足GB/T 18655和GB/T 17619的要求。另外,在電動汽車用電機及其控制器試驗方法標準GB/T 18488.2中規定需按GB/T 18655和GB/T 17619進行其EMC性能的測試評價,在電動汽車用儀表標準GB/T 19836中要求電動汽車儀表應同時滿足GB/T 18655和GB/T 17619的要求。以上標準中,GB/T 18655等同采用CISPR 25,GB/T 17619等效于72/245/EEC(95/94/EC)中的零部件輻射抗擾度部分,GB/T 21437和GB/T 19951則分別等同采用IS0 7637和IS0 10605。

    (二)國外對汽車零部件的EMC要求

    通常電子電器零部件都存在被電磁騷擾能量干擾和干擾其它電子電器零部件的可能性,從而在某些時候出現“莫名其妙”的問題。

    國外對汽車零部件的EMC要求較高,主要有以下6個標準法規:歐盟72/245/EEC指令《有關車輛的無線電干擾(電磁兼容)》、歐洲經濟委員會ECE Rl0法規《關于就電磁兼容性方面批準車輛的統一規定》、CISPR 25《車輛、船和內燃機無線電騷擾特性用于保護車載接收機的限值和測量方法》、ISO 11452《道路車輛窄帶輻射電磁能量產生的電騷擾零部件試驗方法》、ISO 7637《傳導和耦合引起的電騷擾》和ISO 10605《道路車輛靜電放電引起的電騷擾測試方法》等。CISPR 25的零部件部分主要規定了零部件的傳導發射、寬帶輻射發射和窄帶輻射發射的測試方法和限值要求;ISO 11452對零部件的電磁抗干擾性能提出了測試方法和評價指標;ISO 7637是對零部件瞬態傳導發射和瞬態傳導抗擾度的要求;ISO 10605規定的是零部件靜電放電抗擾度的測試方法。目前汽車零部件出口的E/e-mark認證對零部件的要求通常按照72/245/EEC指令或ECE R10法規來進行測試評價。72/245/EEC指令或ECE Rl0法規都規定了要按照CISPR 25測試零部件的寬帶輻射發射和窄帶輻射發射,依照ISO 11452測試零部件的輻射抗擾度和依照ISO 7637測試零部件的瞬態傳導發射和瞬態傳導抗擾度。另外,國外汽車整車生產廠家還制定了更完善的電磁兼容企業標準,如福特的ES-XW7T-1A278-AC,通用的GMW 3172、GMW 097,大眾的VW TL 80101、VW TL 82066,寶馬的BMW GS 95002.BMW 60013.0,菲亞特的Fiat 9.90110,標致的PSA B217090、PSA B217110,本田的Honda3982Z-SDA-0030,現代的Hyundai ES 39110-00、Hyundai ES 96100-01等。

    (三)汽車靜電放電的EMC指標

    “啪”的一聲,當接觸到車身或金屬門把手可能被靜電打得又麻又疼,這是秋冬季節乘車經常會遇到的靜電放電現象。靜電放電發生的原因是人體在接觸金屬體之前自身由于“不自覺”地摩擦帶電了,同金屬體接觸后產生了一個直接導電通路自然很容易放電。靜電放電的影響主要來自兩個方面:一是放電前人體所帶電荷產生的強電場,二是大的電弧放電電流。靜電放電不僅會造成人體的不舒適,還會對車上的電子電器件造成暫時或永久的損壞,嚴重的甚至會危及行車安全。車內經常發生的由靜電引起的故障包括開關按鍵突然失靈、DVD導航的觸摸屏幕被損壞、組合儀表指針亂跳或失靈、存儲卡內數據丟失或異常等。預防靜電放電可能帶來的破壞最根本的措施是在電子電器部件研發階段就進行靜電放電抗擾度設計,增強其抵御靜電放電的能力。

    關于汽車靜電放電的EMC指標是靜電放電抗擾度,目前相關的國際國內標準主要是IS0 10605一2008《Road vehicles - Testmethods for electrical distur bances from electrostatic discharge》和GB/T 19951-2005《道路車輛靜電放電產生的電騷擾試驗方法》。ISO 10605規定了安裝在汽車內的電子模塊和系統在臺架和整車兩種狀態下靜電放電的試驗方法和評價程序,涵蓋了電子電器件在生產、運輸、安裝以及使用過程可能發生靜電放電的各種情況;GB/T 19951-2005等同采用了ISO 10605-2001。國外的汽車整車及零部件生產企業也都以該標準的測試方法為基礎制定了相應的靜電放電抗擾度企業標準,并使用這些標準對電子電器件進行測試分析,以評價其靜電放電抗擾度的能力。

    此外,在車內減少化纖用品使用,車內人員盡量穿純棉衣服,增加車內空氣的濕度等,也可以減少人體的帶電量,從而減少靜電放電現象的發生。


    【論壇】第三屆中國新能源汽車總工技術峰會暨第二屆運營商與車企對接采購交流會

    2016年12月21-23日,第三屆中國新能源汽車總工技術峰會暨第二屆運營商與車企對接采購交流會將在深圳中海凱驪酒店隆重召開。本次峰會由電動汽車資源網主辦,以“后補貼時代技術創新發展思路”為主題,探討領域既涵蓋整車、動力電池系統、驅動系統及其他零部件等產品安全可靠性設計和測試評價等技術性話題,又兼具新能源汽車運營模式等市場性話題,是中國新能源汽車行業產、學、研、用相結合的一次行業盛會。一場新能源汽車技術與市場深度融合的千人大會,誠邀您報名參加(點擊進入報名通道>>)!咨詢電話:0755-22917542  13430607232 

    網友評論文明上網理性發言,請遵守評論服務協議
    賬號登錄注冊后參與評論

    電磁兼容 EMC原理 傳導(共模 差模) 輻射(近場 遠場) 詳解

    EMC(electromagnetic compatibility)作為產品的一個特性,譯為電磁兼容性;如果作為一門學科,則譯為電磁兼容。
    關鍵字: 電動汽車 EMC
    2017-07-06

    電磁兼容 深度 | 關于電池包EMC測試方法分析

    目前國內尚無關于電池包的電磁兼容測試方法,無論是發射試驗還是抗擾度試驗,都沒有對電池包的測試布置方式和運行狀態進行明確要求。
    關鍵字: 電池包 電磁兼容
    2017-03-07

    電磁兼容 EMC原理傳導(共模 差模) 輻射(近場 遠場) 詳解

    EMC(electromagnetic compatibility)作為產品的一個特性,譯為電磁兼容性;如果作為一門學科,則譯為電磁兼容。
    關鍵字: 電磁兼容
    2017-02-07

    電磁兼容 高新杰:電動汽車電磁兼容性設計理解

    22日上午,北京新能源汽車股份有限公司整車EMC開發科科長高新杰做題為“電動汽車電磁兼容性設計理解”的演講。
    關鍵字: EMC開發 電磁兼容
    2016-12-22

    電磁兼容 【分析】電動客車的電磁兼容問題及EMC要求

    電動客車由于增加了DC/AC逆變器、DC/DC變換器、驅動電機以及充電機等高壓大功率電子電氣設備等在整流、變頻、變流時所產生的電磁干擾使得電動客車的電磁兼容(EMC)問題變得更為嚴重。
    2016-11-09
    電車資源2019年活動排期
    關閉
    東風俊風純電動物流車秒殺
    彩8 188711.com | 80878b.com | oo67890.com | 1516.com | 4195h.com | www.907994.com | www.954321i.com | www.4996jx.com | www.bet365a7.com | www.383188.com | www.5757msc.com | 23800j.com | 33318.com | 6269.com | 623670.com | 131nn.net | 37111u.com | www.369072.com | www.222hy.cc | www.83033p.com | www.508970.com | www.47709.net | www.03365t.com | www.866666c.com | www.288kb.net | blh13579.com | 2709u.com | 4809h.com | 93910.com | 915902207.com | 6423d.com | 7196ff.com | www.rcw8899.com | www.979zf.com | www.8499w.com | www.5555bj.com | www.9971i.com | www.hg32228.com | www.9737kk.com | www.5966ccc.com | www.87849.com | www.071097.com | www.32666v.com | www.7025c.com | www.655666i.com | www.1122hg.com | wns88.com | 1hg7788.com | 3078c.com | s2649.com | 22aa8332.com | 61325544.com | 00jj8332.com | bwin8w.com | 97570ylc.com | 88y66.vip | 35252y.com | ff555b.com | wfcp444333.com | zzz8827.com | 2613.com | 28483000.com | 35252p.com | 66066.com | 2997702.com | y2306.com | y00351.com | 50023399.com | www.668k8.com | www.1869u.com | www.hg10567.com | www.fcbmp.com | www.588sun.com | www.88807z.com | www.22753.com | www.js36644.com | www.a2399.com | www.138ppp.com | www.10870.com | www.9426.com | www.sb5501.com | www.2bet005.com | www.c063801.com | www.6687u.com | www.0622iii.com | www.9822az.com | www.hg20.com | www.66376hh.com | www.44050.cc | www.764499.com | www.345512.com | qjdc111.com | 88051.net | js666.com | xpjggzz.com | 5856hhh.com | e86811.com | 588xxx.cc | 6403i.com | www.08088006.com | www.4788msc.com | www.a98886.com | www.89599l.com | www.3421.com | www.7239t.com | www.ya619.com | www.630137.com | www.155782.com | 3004.com | 5002sss.com | 69442277.com | 41178961.com | www.pj7333.com | www.u22365.com | www.133242.com | www.hjdc48.com | www.07bet8.com | www.883399f.com | www.80065l.com | www.c6321.com | www.m.cp533pc.vip | 0559600.com | 7894j.com | 4461s.com | 883399q.com | www.8867p.com | www.lqz.hk | www.116668.net | www.42456688.com | www.ascp4.com | www.224066.com | 4255y.com | ss01234.com | 2824y.net | www.87680z.com | www.7498.com | www.1754a.com | www.4648.cc | www.896165.com | yin3434.com | 7736o.com | 8988p.com | www.hg1850.com | www.991866.com | www.115527q.com | www.77114y.com | www.599649.com | mgm.pe | alpk8.com | 33nn8331.com | www.3643p.com | www.2805.com | www.5856878.com | www.c96683.com | 2222k33.com | spj07.net | 3083.com | www.97780099.net | www.14168e.com | www.8816z.com | 66094466.com | 27878gg.com | 22296xx.com | www.67797s.com | www.cheng777.com | www.5958127.com | www.652851.com | 131s.net | 51599.com | www.www6161msccom.com | www.rycp164.com | www.5856858.com | www.916570.com | 99151m.com | 1407.am | www.m1862.com | www.938v.cc | www.pjzxyl.com | www.506752.com | t5429.com | 3844ss.com | www.52564.com | www.v2552.com | www.gczj1.com | 6766aa.com | 8722ffff.com | www.9949q.com | www.7366007.com | www.073wy.com | 99111nn.com | 1690.com | www.58777d.com | www.55070b.com | www.22630.cc | 9889567.com | 0015ff.com | www.666204.com | www.ls22.vip | www.335037.com | 0253.com | www.119941.com | www.bwin940.co | www.zuan333.com | df6236.com | 2613x.com | www.881389.com | www.yun1818.com | 1654s.com | 4182o.com | www.28481166.com | www.7350.vip | www.234397.com | bbinsupport.com | www.9068zz.com | www.73990o.com | www.560758.com | qq444000.com | www.10899a.com | www.06387722.com | www.308908.com | 3807o.com | www.306822.com | www.8905f.com | www.303053.com | 4167z.com | www.5566074.com | www.rrqp333.com | www.180121.com | 3405rrr.com | www.29886z.com | www.56011o.com | www.89894c.com | r99345.am | www.xg189.com | www.80767y.com | 44077f.com | 8520m.com | www.26123kk.com | www.758500.com | 3424222.com | www.benz4343.com | www.97828m.vip | 30006dz.com | 9101901.com | www.56655d.com | www.99yfa.com | js8028.com | www.zzzz0261.com | www.sx139972.com | 30171133.com | www.fh7.927go.com | www.pj99m.com | 2546u.com | ms38648kk.cc | www.xpj8859.com | www.50064a.com | c63.cc | www.99113c.com | www.622307.com | pjcp.com | www.56655w.com | www.846662.com | hg10f.com | www.6y7y.net | www.898364.com | yun666.com | www.7408.cc | www.5086p.com | 655660066.com | www.pj3364.com | www.60108s.com | 35222z.com | www.88837u.com | www.66653h.com | 1222p.com | www.272424.com | www.00840x.com | 4270oo.com | www.kjjg.net | www.c134.vip | e72227.com | www.19yh6.com | www.127179.com | xg9111.com | www.w84b.com | 33111199.com | www.5395287.com | www.29178d.com | 239430.com | www.hk6655.com | www.815807.com | 2147788.com | www.55070k.com | man936.com | www.pu3333.com | www.398159.com | 118888777.com | www.592433.com | www.01czj.com | 3775i.com | www.50999f.com | www.150935.com | 66003885.com | www.fg9905.com | 4812g.com | www.766411.com | www.621410.com | 9988788.com | www.q3410.com | 30019xx.com | www.4938y.com | www.11310.cc | 5856l.com | www.480025.com | 8722tttt.com | www.118893.com | www.937065.com | 26668r.com | www.d2894.com | 51200ll.com | www.5678096.com | www.680358.com | 7141ll.com | www.648211e.com | bet577s.com | www.809014.com | 59889e.com | www.c22365.com | www.ybao4.com | 3656qq.com | www.2880880.com | www.50989h.com | 4590kk.com | www.79095b.com | 684237.com | www.wd6668.com | 88851l.com | www.55155z.com | www.868433.com | 228888w.com | www.4323o.com | o8159.cc | www.833976.com | ab99988.com | www.C6371.COM | 3178vv.com | www.5675858.com | www.022194.com | www.56520c.com | www.865820.com | bet36560000.com | www.26299r.com | 00774dd.com | www.yh6699.bet | 07100.com | www.467155.com | js345c.com | www.4972w.com | 101.net | www.54555.com | 25288r.com | www.xpj98k.com | www.501349.com | www.626966.com | www.c6378.com | 1434f.com | www.11qxc.com | 7744.com | www.448h.com | 2246sun.com | www.5441e.com | 55899l.com | www.98599.cc | d8504.com | www.4189e.com | 2013.vip | www.hx3355.com | zz38648.cc | www.cb2188.com | www.yh77702.com | www.c139.vip | www.54541100.com | www.316546.com | www.66sbet.net | www.173225.com | www.9x0048.com | www.068673.com | www.hg2219.com | hhhh19927.com | www.395599.com | 55899p.com | www.whmydsc.com | 569pj.com | www.9737mm.me | 9hga.com | www.4444msc.com | 3846e.com | www.0601h.com | uu3189.com | www.99jtd.com | www.ks308.com | www.560923.com | www.3024.com | g17022.com | www.331194.com | 7811bb.com | www.7737ee.com | h88.com | www.67767.cc | www.917xpj3.com | www.375791.com | www.hg88996.com | y9242com | www.7893w35.com | 9068c.com | www.666825.com | jl22222.com | www.rcw567.com | www.745128.com | 6861y35.com | www.7415qq.com | yth206.net | www.866471.com | 0311v.com | www.401285.com | www.pj43.com | pj75.com | www.1764s.com | 61324433.com | www.933771.com | www.ojinsha.com | 5099qq.com | www.sha2333.com | 7240q.com | www.7793d.com | www.h5505.com | 22556o.com | www.jz6788.com | 4152r.com | www.2373d.com | www.e4737.com | 5369p.com | www.q80288.com | 33560055.com | www.917052.com | www.ms9998.com | js03.app | www.hg3006.tw | www.yyhbet6.com | www.35918i.com | www.d5669.com | 3522qq.cc | www.11fzc.com | www.hh536.com | 075tt.com | www.80030066.com | www.61789j.com | sxcxt.net | www.o80288.com | gg00558.com | www.579411.com | www.sg8886.com | pj00ll.com | www.3890a.com | www.941289.com | man993.com | www.68689n.com | www.4938q.com | feicai0752.com | www.68993251.com | www.bet9339.com | 3559qqq.com | www.7681001.com | www.407878.com | 2506h.com | www.12136j.com | 1168k.com | 76543l.com | www.838957.com | 15a1.net | 5144u.com | www.56011a.com | 1407v.com | 4636622.com | www.52062h.com | 14891489.com | 5350r.com | www.37377n.com | www.515xpj.com | 8522kkkk.com | www.81233q.com | www.6605889.com | 70118g.com | www.777xm.cc | www.05899.com | 3482s.com | www.515663.com | www.pj88t.com | 2509.com | 99999ylg.com | www.hd8675.com | www.9068aa.com | 00048v.com | www.ya448.com | www.cx9871.com | q888.tw | www.113438.com | www.xpj2.net | www.j32126.cc | cp088t.com | www.2408e.com | www.253777.com | a444000.com | 2222k33.com | www.89777h.com | www.yh1618.com | 3530.com | www.262771.com | www.hg33397.com | www.38200l.com | amhg033.com | www.cpkk9.com | www.288988b.com | 2649nn.com | yun2888.com | www.14392.com | www.www-tm8088.com | 1115673.com | 1js345.com | www.60108z.com | www.www-48345.com | 3049z.com | 6363o.com | www.32123r.com | www.618msc.com | 8827ppp.com | 98345k.com | www.hm3377.com | www.4078k.com | www.38200h.com | 2021g.com | www.359629.com | www.959718.com | www.yh8283.com | 01885k.com | 89wns88.com | www.9149p.com | www.83568y.com | www.a2a000.cc | 98345g.com | www.319989.com | www.1466z.com | www.5675858.com | zhcp05.com | 8381dd.com | www.730678.com | www.2997709.com | www.a80065.com | hwcp22.com | 897dd.cc | www.799439.com | www.621051.com | www.6178007.com | xpj338.com | 52688j.com | www.846631.com | www.0612f.com | www.8888855555.com | 2709a.com | 22205pj.com | www.599843.com | www.3566.com | www.49522.com | www.333xin2.com | 0485k.com | 01019991.com | www.055cp.cc | www.y8853.com | www.ab99900.com | 7792u.com | mg437744.com | 9193.am | www.11554.cc | www.91779c.com | www.hg418.com | 2247n.com | 61999pp.com | 228888c.com | www.6hcczz.com | www.535082.com | www.hg7857.com | www.am9977.com | 8037rrr.com | 80850v.com | www.444956.com | www.76520n.com | www.bwinyz09.com | www.1596a.com | a05677.com | ggg1915.com | 66300vip19.com | www.550241.com | www.81233f.com | www.huangma22.com | www.js7896.com | 1589vip.com | 4556d.com | 22883n.com | h151515.com | www.c3004.com | www.6888776.com | www.f32939.com | www.29980044.net | www.yl9819.com | ssha0004.com | pjguangdong.com | 11440.com | www.744418.com | www.81233d.com | www.2000d.cc | www.a01885.com | www.v30226.com | n2554.com | 7003xx.com | 61320099.com | 55331hh.com | www.674770.com | www.54968f.com | www.7036000.com | www.c668ln.com | www.hg0198.com | www.033033c.com | 87965kk.com | 3678s.com | 876878h.com | sss006.com | www.802933.com | www.33598y.com | www.99094x.com | www.475333.com | www.789668.net | www.5500y8.com | www.jsh922.com | ff555l.com | 3300hhgz.com | 394011.com | zb6288.com | 76543l.com | www.221085.com | www.966083.com | www.35155r.com | www.ejylc11.com | www.2021e.com | www.caipiao88a.com | www.74109f.com | www.888888r.com | www.28758t.com | 23800j.com | vnsr.at | 30019oo.com | jj3405.com | 55331aa.com | 08820055com | 326.hk | kjzf224.com | www.161172.com | www.602582.com | www.987969.com | www.3668s.com | www.83993m.com | www.3328229.com | www.751828.com | www.lhg000.com | www.b35ww.com | www.80969x.com | www.77731q.com | www.49936.com | www.225430.com | www.3775622.com | www.539suncity.com | www.87680h.com | www.76060b.com | www.033033u.com | 5003ggg.com | 7779o.cc | vvv8827.com | 3089g.com | 3379kk.com | 3258x.com | 8030g.com | zhcp60.com | uuu5682.com | 28288dd.com | 6261kk.com | z2490.com | ee0385.com | ued888.com | 30006c.com | LXYL350.com | 500000412.com | gc8.com | yh888h.com | 8827kk.com | yhw3.cc | 9411ooo.com | 11422r.com | www.yy8800.com | www.js662.com | www.8494s.com | www.hg9922.org | www.9068yy.com | www.88837v.com | www.5303v.com | www.jing6444.com | www.88993m.com | www.hgw00888.com | www.ylg538.com | www.suncity112.com | www.cai73.cc | www.00772e.com | www.38138l.com | www.g83377.com | www.4102s.com | www.68993267.com | www.90920.com | www.26878r.com | www.16wa.com | www.710230.com | www.335015.com | 29918uu.com | 38821155.com | 40666111.com | feicai0853.com | 5219k.com | 91019f.com | 2544b3.com | www.hg635.com | www.hg5377.com | www.0234zz.com | www.k2678.com | www.k32939.com | www.62979w.com | www.fg09.com | www.29277w.com | www.al9888.com | www.342977.com | 365vip60.co | k5429.com | 3678nnn.com | 88851d.com | gong111.com | www.222144.com | www.23427q.com | www.7060.cabet186.com | www.082js.com | www.14168a.com | www.909938.com | www.loll3.com | www.330291.com | 65005z.com | 40014499.com | lc99j.com | 009900q.com | www.betgobet.com | www.184998.com | www.79500v.com | www.40288m.com | www.ky1001.com | www.hm3666.com | www.119705.com | 59599b.com | 3473w.com | 6830e.com | www.xpj222111.com | www.166347.com | www.16181w.com | www.984008.com | www.1035a.com | www.375477.com | lj552.com | 011722.com | 85698r.com | www.gd68.com | www.4238.com | www.6880ee.com | www.50026t.com | www.550423.com | o2490.com | 83138k.com | 64111j.com | www.klcpdd.com | www.jinbocp.com | www.4809j.com | www.23czj.com | www.80075v.com | 15a42.net | 58532222.com | www.9374o.com | www.js6767r.com | www.44118k.com | www.6832w.com | www.132918.com | 626810.com | xl15.net | www.9996zz.com | www.288988a.com | www.980442.com | www.701524.com | 03508.com | 51335f.com | www.32126u.net | www.lfcp096.com | www.86333c.com | www.810877.com | 914903.com | 66287k.com | www.vns990.cc | www.c44ii.com | www.959595.com | www.585560.com | tt888y.com | 02888722.com | www.32666f.com | www.4078o.com | www.50052y.com | www.106356.com | 7811bb.com | h47479.com | www.212323.com | www.5555287.com | www.811756.com | 400w.am | b75.com | www.hg50668.com | www.d83377.com | www.w796.com | 50099u.com | 711066.com | www.9679c.com | www.huangma27.com | www.2632q.com | dfs234.com | 70118m.com | www.330099e.com | www.4521s.com | www.978951.com | 4018002.com | 8827gg.com | www.348458.com | www.f63568.com | www.501274.com | hg55511.com | www.3983128.com | www.58665e.com | www.26163t.com | zhcpnn.com | 01885e.com | www.83008j.com | www.97828g.vip | www.401276.com | alpk11.com | www.vns353.com | www.89677d.com | www.987426.com | 1636004.com | 272h.net | www.83568q.com | www.3933c.com | www.js05888.com | www.245252.com | www.631259.com | bowang22.com | www.hg0088.co | www.993769.com | www.gyfc9.com | 234902.com | 88850gg.com | www.7415y.com | www.zfcp1.com | beiyong.bet | www.56733l.com | www.6664ylg.com | www.983699.com | df8uu.com | www.vns353.com | www.88325t.com | www.506923.com | 7240t.com | www.ao299.com | www.68993272.com | c00351.com | 62284.com | www.bai5544.com | www.58688.cc | jixiang17.com | 685511q.com | www.4996wh.com | www.607315.com | 3726c.com | www.82894w.com | www.ya2019f.com | 8894.com | 1624zz.com | www.4078m.com | www.652291.com | 4025q.com | www.hga8383.com | www.6653g.com | 80892ii.com | 80878d.com | www.9822ae.com | www.178211.com | hg886.com | www.111889.com | www.9dwj.com | 2997776.com | www.dd7920.com | www.bet73d.com | 0708060.com | www.a1a444.cc | www.33pjjt.com | 84497799.com | 83377b.com | www.b35qq.com | www.301871.com | 2836517.com | www.79500c.com | www.699494.com | eee1915.com | www.jbb2017.com | www.cp500.biz | 4556j.com | www.70545d.com | www.qucp2.com | baijiaboylc6.com | www.hg3832.com | www.002ac.com | 610238.com | www.159kj.com | www.aj3383.com | s7726.com | www.3122e.com | www.791571.com | 1407w.com | www.w9819.com | www.477680.com | 8kk.co | www.38138x.com | kk3353.com | 50025577.com | www.087i.com | 3121h.com | www.bet1699.com | www.624205.com | 047106.com | www.133141.com | www.3890y.com | nn3336.com | www.3893k.com | www.599840.com | JS1388u.com | www.7225j.com | 50000021.com | www.cr1112.com | www.83993m.com | 97987-4.com | www.rrrr0023.com | www.570981.com | 163105.com | www.0600z.cc | 4812q.com | www.v771177.com | www.3416h.com | 3513008.com | www.rgcp.cc | 35ll.vip | www.ra1112.com | www.283826.com | tzvip2022.com | www.hg531.com | www.239544.com | 5077777.com | www.993957.com | xpj764.cn | www.14988.com | www.444079.com | 88807k.com | www.1117758.com | 3156hhh.com | www.10852b.com | www.554313.com | 518cp00.com | www.065815.com | 8159mm.cc | www.sj016.com | www.307281.com | hgw168g.com | www.97714.com | 1458s.com | www.s3065.com | xinu10.com | www.00618r.com | www.loll3.com | e58955.com | www.770309.com | 9411ccc.com | www.js353535.com | 80368l.com | www.223456s.com | www.2373h.com | 55797f.com | www.9187e.com | 8159mm.cc | www.55c668.com | 33oo8331.com | www.25288c.com | www.980158.com | 8290i.com | www.15355o.com | 4556z.com | www.1754a.com | 4812d.com | www.jxcp5555.com | 6150o.com | www.hh536.com | www.550243.com | www.56733p.com | www.9155e.cc | 06389797.com | www.35898f.com | 4022aa.com | www.2021r.com | 653518.com | www.lb55567.com | 4195ff.com | www.hg5779.com | www.50051a.com | www.9908633.com | www.618477.com | www.a2a444.cc | www.dan03.com | 3434.com | www.71233w.com | 8078522.com | www.50819.com | 91668.com | www.xpj66123.com | 463.cc | www.06386644.com | z45638.com | www.5099xx.com | yl.net | www.373351.com | 33313q.com | www.3846r.com | 8577o.cc | www.452msc.com | 2019x.cc | www.hjcp4.com | 97799h.com | www.bai5533.com | 4255zzz.com | www.www-tm8088.com | 85698d.com | www.e4042.com | 22296aq.com | www.20199dd.com | 3568zz.com | www.9c456.com | j0088.com | www.6661ylg.com | 7508q.com | www.06820c.com | lh66c.com | www.38775qq.com | 4995r.com | www.410065.com | 3616444.com | www.50054q.com | 518cp22.com |