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  • 鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

    • 2016-08-03 16:00
    • 來源:電動汽車資源網 仝瑞軍 胡運平

    摘要:根據法拉第電磁感應定律:電磁互生,弱電生弱磁,強電生強磁。

    【文/電動汽車資源網特邀作者 仝瑞軍 胡運平 】根據法拉第電磁感應定律:電磁互生,弱電生弱磁,強電生強磁。眾說周知,電動汽車工作在強電高壓狀態,除了高壓安全問題,電磁輻射問題也極為重要,如何保證電磁兼容的安全,驅動器、充電機、BMS等核心電氣零部件設備的EMC等級對于電動汽車用戶的意義更大。

    EMC簡介

    EMC(Electromagnetic Compatibility)是衡量設備或系統在其電磁環境中能正常工作且不對該環境中的任何設備的任何事物構成不能承受的電磁騷擾的能力,它包括EMI(電磁干擾)和EMS(電磁抗干騷擾)。

    EMC=EMI+EMS;EMI:電磁干擾(污染力),EMS:電磁抗干擾性(免疫力)

    EMI(Electromagnetic Interference)為電磁干擾,是指產品的對外電磁干擾,可分為傳導Conduction及輻射Radiation兩部分,EMI包括傳導、輻射、電流諧波、電壓閃爍等等。電磁干擾是由干擾源、藕合通道和接收器三部分構成的(通常稱作干電磁干擾)和EMS(電磁抗干擾)。

    EMC=EMI+EMS;EMI:電磁干擾(污染力),EMS:電磁抗干擾擾性(免疫力)
    EMI(Electromagnetic Interference)為電磁干擾,是指產品的對外電磁干擾,可分為傳導Conduction及輻射Radiation兩部分,EMI包括傳導、輻射、電流諧波、電壓閃擾的三要素。EMI的輻射和傳導的不同等級對峰值和平均值要求不同,不同等級的限值一般會在測試軟件上顯示。

    EMS(Electromagnetic susceptibility) 電磁敏感度一般俗稱為 “電磁免疫力”, 是設備抗外界干擾之能力。針對汽車零部件的EMS測試項目一般有:射頻輻射抗干擾(RS)、電源線瞬態傳導抗干擾、信號線瞬態傳導抗干擾、靜電放電抗干擾(ESD)、射頻電流注入抗干擾(BCI)等項目。對應的具體標準如下所示:

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

       EMS中的等級定義見下表所示:嚴格程度EMI是B>A,EMS是A>B>C>D>E。

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

    動力鋰電池BMS的EMC要求:

    電動汽車要求動力電池BMS等核心電氣零部件滿足GB/T18655-2010 《車輛、船和內燃機 無線電騷擾特性 用于保護車載接收機的限值和測量方法》中要求的(1)傳導騷擾(2)輻射騷擾(含GPS),目前是電動汽車電氣零部件推薦執行指標。

    科列BMS的EMC測試報告

    科列系列型號產品均超過了國家電動汽車電氣零部件EMC檢驗標準等級3的要求,部分型號產品甚至達到等級5的要求,并獲得國家指定檢測機構的出具的測試報告。

    附下圖是其中一款產品的測試結果:

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)


    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    鋰動力電池管理系統(BMS)的電磁兼容(EMC)

     

    科列系列產品的也通過了汽車零部件要求的相關EMS測試項目:射頻輻射抗干擾(RS)、電源線瞬態傳導抗干擾、信號線瞬態傳導抗干擾、靜電放電抗干擾(ESD)、射頻電流注入抗干擾(BCI),并獲得第三方檢測機構出具的測試報告。

    結束語

    電動汽車高壓安全是大家最關注的話題,但EMC更是影響使用者的長期安全的潛在因素,一如電池的壽命一樣,只有通過提高標準才能讓使用者放心使用。希望國內電動汽車核心電氣零部件供應商攜起手來讓電動汽車應用更清潔更安全。

    版權聲明:本文為電動汽車資源網特邀作者撰寫,版權為電動汽車資源網(http://www.absalus.com/)所有,轉載請務必注明出處(電動汽車資源網)及作者,否則必將追究法律責任。


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    2016年9月23-24日,中國新能源汽車動力電池產業技術發展高峰論壇將在張家港市沙洲湖酒店隆重召開。本次論壇由電動汽車資源網攜同江蘇天鵬電源有限公司共同舉辦,江蘇華東鋰電技術研究院協辦。論壇將邀請動力電池知名專家、整車企業/動力電池企業/BMS企業/電池充放電設備企業/測試機構/整車控制器企業/運營(用戶)企業/零部件企業的技術負責人等共計400余人,深入探討動力電池相關技術問題。在動力電池目錄與新能源車目錄捆綁的大背景下,一場接地氣的動力電池產業技術流豪門盛宴,誠邀您報名參加(點擊進入報名通道>>)!咨詢電話:0755-25924549  0755-82426525

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